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英语专四语法指导:强调句

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2014-05-02 09:11  作者:  来源:可可英语  字号:T|T

  强调句:
  词汇强调
  用强调性形容词表示强调。(very、utter)
  This is the very book I am looking for.
  You are the very person whom I want to make friends with.
  This is the utter place where the accident took place.
  用强调性副词表示强调。(absolutely、only、just…)
  What you have said is absolutely true.
  I am only too happy to do that.
  I have had just enough.
  用反身代词表示强调。(self)
  I myself did it.
  I did it myself.
  比较级结构中通常在形、副词比较级前加副词even、much等表示强调。
  This problem is even more complicated than the previous one.
  The train runs much faster than the bus.
  最高级前用by far等表示强调。
  She is by far the most ambitious student I have ever met.
  This is by far the most urgent problem that the government should solve.
  在疑问词(wh-词)后加上on earth、in the world等一些特殊词语,加强疑问语气表示强调。
  What on earth do you want?
  Where in the world can I find such a valuable painting?
  在否定句中用at all、in the least等加强否定语气表示强调。
  He was not at all satisfied with his job.
  She is not in the least ignorant/foolish.
  在人称代词所有格后加own表示强调。
  The small boy went to the seaside on his own.
  They wanted a house of their own.
  She gave her own lunch to the poor old man.
  So 表强调“的确,确实”。
  He has succeeded in doing the experiment.
  So he has.
  She passed the difficult test of English.
  So she did.
  The small boy can recite more than 300 ancient poems.
  So he can.
  语法强调
  用助动词(do、does、did)强调动词谓语。
  I do believe that you can succeed.
  He does know how to do that.
  They did go there and arrest the murderer.
  1. 句型强调
  句型what…is/was…结构可用来强调句子的表物的主语或宾语。
  What I need is your support.
  What matters is quality.
  What was really important was that it brought about many benefits.
  It is /was+…+that/who可强调主语,宾语,状语等。
  Last year she visited Singapore with her parents.
  It was she that/who visited Singapore with
  It was Singapore that she visited with …
  It was with her parents that she visited S…
  It was last year that she visited S… with ...
  另:It is not until+a time +that ...
  It was not until then that he had realized the importance of hard work.
  It was not until she told me that I had known my mistake.
  2. 强调句型的疑问形式
  It was purely by accident that I came across the book.
  Was it purely by accident that you came across the book?
  It is his teacher that he usually turns to for help.
  Who is it that he usually turns to for help?
  3. 其它句型
  It is /has been+表一段时间的词+since…(从句中用一般过去时)
  It has been a year since we last saw each other.
  It is a decade since we carried out the policy of market economy.
  It/This/That is/was +序数词+time that sb. has/had done sth.
  This is the third time within one month that he has gone to the cinema.
  That was the fourth time that he had made changes to the original design.
  修辞强调
  通过句子倒装表示强调。
  请参考倒装一课。
  From under the bush comes a strange sound.
  Down jumped the man from the cliff.
  In the letter I found a photo.
  (实习编辑:何己派)

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