新东方网>大学教育>专四专八>备考辅导>专业四级>写作>正文

2014年英语专四作文预测押题:博物馆的目的

2014-04-16 09:23

来源:新东方在线

作者:

  下面介绍2014年英语专四作文预测押题:博物馆的目的,希望考生认真复习,英语专四考试顺利。
  Topic 19: Do you think a museum is to educate or entertain people?
  解析:
  支持博物馆只有教育目的的观点:
  博物馆收藏的大量物品(house a large collection of selected objects)只用于展览,人们不能够触碰(forbid physical contact);博物馆只提供收藏品的历史讲解(provide interpretations),不提供娱乐(provide entertainment);
  博物馆关注当地文化(concentrate on the host region's culture),教育后人,对保护文化和历史有着重要的意义;
  博物馆一般注重特定的主题(concentrate on a particular subject),比如历史学、人种学 (ethnology )、人类学(anthropology)等,这些对于很多人都是陌生和枯燥的(unfamiliar, abstract and uninteresting),不可能有娱乐的作用。
  支持博物馆还有娱乐目的的观点:
  现在很多博物馆都已经开设不同的服务,如歌舞表演(operas and concerts).电影和录像 (movies, videos and videotapes)等来增加收人(increase income by increasing attendance),在这 一方面,博物馆和娱乐行业差不多(similar to entertainment businesses);
  博物馆有些展品(items on exhibition)对某些人来说具有一定的娱乐性(entertainment value),因此会吸引一些抱着纯娱乐目的来参观的人。
  范文
  Museums have long been known as centres of research and education. By acquiring, conserving, researching and exhibiting a great variety of tangible items (such as artifacts and specimens ), museums are of great educational value. However, this notion has been refuted by some people in recent years, who tend to think that museums are intended for entertainment as well In my opinion, a museum can serve dual purposes, although education tends to play a larger part.
  Museums impart knowledge to visitors through different means. One is collecting and displaying objects of scientific, artistic or historical importance at a specific site. Staff members working for museums are trained to provide interpretations of the collected objects to the general public. Viewing these items enables visitors to acquire knowledge of a given subject, such as history, art, environment and technology. History museums are for example concerned with specialized aspects of history at the local or national level. Another approach taken by a museum Is to invite specialists to lecture regularly in different Fields, which is instructive as well. An entertainment business, by comparison, hardly serves an educational purpose.
  In addition to the way it operates, a museum is distinct from any operator in the entertainment industry in some other aspects. First of all, museums are entirely not-for-profit. Although sometimes charging an admission fee, a museum very often has free entrance, and does not engage in any profit-making activity. It does not target any specific audience like an entertainment business does. Instead, it is open to the general public. Museums, meanwhile, choose items on display not according to their commercial values but according to the line of items they mainly focus on. For instance, a history museum would focus only on those items that are of historical value, although those items might not have sufficient market value.
  However, a noteworthy development of museums in recent years is related to entertainment to some extent. Similar to other educational institutions, museums have to balance their budget. Many museums have therefore sought to operate more activities to attract more visitors, in order for an additional entry fee to cover costs. In addition to the traditional services, such as making collected objects available for public viewing, and organising lectures, a museum is interested in such entertainments as films, musical or dance performances, most of which are linked to the culture of its host region. Art museums, for example, bear a close resemblance to art galleries, in exhibiting a wide range of artworks. Museums falling in this category give visitors pleasure, and can be taken as a provider of both knowledge and entertainment.
  As suggested above, there are many benchmarks against which a museum can be made distinct from an entertainment provider. Some museums are now providing services in overtly entertainment nature, although educational for the most part,
  近义词表
  1. artifact=ornament=manufactured article=work of art=object:人工制品,艺术品,装饰品(一般都 是具备文化或者历史价值的物品,比如图腾)
  2. specimen=example=sample;范例,样品,样本
  3. refute=contest=rebut=disprove:驳倒,反驳
  4. lecture=make a speech=give an address:发表演讲
  5. instructive=informative=educational:教育性质的,教育意义的
  6. resemblance=similarly=likeness=semblance :相似性
  7. benchmark=standard :标准
  8. overtly=openly=clearly=obviously=explicitly :明显地
  (实习编辑:何己派)

官方微信:新东方四六级 (微信号:xdfcet46

英语四六级课程、听说读写译方法、最新资讯,请扫二维码,关注我们! 

四六级真题及答案解析下载

手机号

猜你喜欢

  • 动态
  • 报考
  • 成绩
  • 辅导

          新东方英语四六级辅导专区

          班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 详细

          焦点推荐

          精品直播

          版权及免责声明

          凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

          本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

          如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。

          热搜关键词