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2014年英语专四作文预测押题:网络的影响

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2014-04-15 10:17  作者:  来源:新东方在线  字号:T|T

  下面介绍2014年英语专四作文预测押题:网络的影响,希望考生认真复习,英语专四考试顺利。
  Topic 15: Nowadays people can carry out tasks such as shopping and banking even business transactions without meeting each other face to face. What are the effects on individuals and the society?
  本题不是讨论网络的优缺点,而是讨论其正面和负面的影响。因此,仅仅讨论网络购物和网络商务的优点和缺点是不足够和不确切的,需要针对这些特点讨论所产生的社会影响。
  正面的影晌:
  提高效率;
  网络绐人们提供大量信息,增加人们的知识;
  喊少交通工具的使用(rely less on private or public transport),从而减少汽车废气的排放(lead to a drop in the carbon footprint)
  负面的影响:
  人与人之间的交流减少,人们只关心自己的生活方式(concerned about one's own way of life),导致形成以个体为中心的社会(an insular society develops and forms);
  人们习惯于不运动的生活方式(inactive lifestyle),甚至过起隐居的生活(live a reclusive life),过分依赖因特网做其他事情(rely excessively on the Internet for running errands)。
  范文
  With the wide use of the Internet, the way people conduct business and live their lives has vastly changed. Many businesses have websites that allow people to conduct business, execute deals and finish transactions online, as an alternative to a lengthy commute. Although people are thus free from the constraints of geography and time, there are some consequences of this trend that demand attention.
  Supposedly, with Internet access, people are able to perform transactions and to do shopping without leaving home, but meanwhile they have to pay a heavy price for it. One of the most negative aspects is, for instance, that it alters their social behaviours and habits. For many people, to spend part of the day on the Internet is quite normal. It can be expected that being addicted to Internet use, most of home telecommuters or Internet users will become socially isolated. Poor social life and feelings of loneliness are those problems that are very often found among heavy users.
  It is also likely that people have become increasingly accustomed to living in a world that appreciates convenience and inactivity and they do not want to evade those maxims. It gives explanation of why the sedentary lifestyle is now prevailing and why people spend little time on leisure or recreational activities. Time has been spent in front of the computer or Internet. The net result is that they suffer serious loss of vision, back pain and obesity. It is true that many people finally end up with struggling with deteriorating health.
  Despite the negative effects, the Internet has its positive implications to the well-being of society. Online shoppers are able to seek out the lowest prices for items or services. Manufacturers, therefore, have to improve product quality and lower price levels in an effort to win the favour of consumers and secure a stable market share. Telecommuting-working at home using a computer is a solution to traffic congestion, the urban air pollution and petrol use.
  As outlined above, people's growing obsession with Internet use, such as online shopping or banking, has both immediate and long-term impacts on health, social involvement, lifestyles and emotional well-being. Although it is of great value from a net surfer's perspective, people should step up efforts to minimize the negative effects.
  近义词表
  1. alternative=replacement= substitute:另一种选择,替代品
  2. supposedly=theoretically=purportedly:理论上地,假想地
  3. price=penalty:代价,付出 .
  4. telecommuter=teleworker:在家通过使用电脑、传真和因特网工作的人
  5. social life=spending time with friends and other people;社会生活
  6. inactivity=idleness=immobility=indolence=sluggishness;懒惰,很少运动的生活方式
  7. maxim=rule=principle=tenet=guideline=motto=dictum=axiom=truism:格言,定律
  (实习编辑:何己派)

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