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2014年英语专四作文预测押题:高等教育的学费

2014-04-15 09:57

来源:新东方在线

作者:

  下面介绍2014年英语专四作文预测押题:高等教育的学费,希望考生认真复习,英语专四考试顺利。
  Topic 10: It is widely accepted that people who have post-school qualifications earn a higher salary than those less educated do. University students should, therefore, pay all the full cost incurred over the course of obtaining a college education. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  在很多国家,高等教育的学费是一个很有争议性的话题。一方面,教育是保证一个国家经济长盛不衰的原因;另一方面,如果学费完全由国家来负担,国家未必负担得起。因此,在许多国家,目前采取的策略是收取正常的教育费用,然后发放奖学金和贷款,从而鼓励学生接受高等反对学生自己支付学费的理由:
  政府对高校的投资(tertiary education investments)有助于促进以知识为动力的经济和社会发展 (knowledge-driven economic and social development),获得基础研究和科学发展的长期回报 (long-term returns from research and technology development),技术革新使劳动力增强(greater productivity is achieved through technological innovation);
  有更多人有机会接受高等教育(well-educated),这些人在毕业后会从事高薪职业(well-paid jobs),从而比一般人交更多的税(pay higher income tax),这社会来说是一种贡献;
  接受高等教育的学生会减少,特别是经济困难的学生(reduce the participation of disadvantaged groups);学生接受教育,可以摆脱贫穷,社会有贡献(breakout of poverty)。
  支持学生自己支付学费的理由:
  学生有了经济压力(experience financial pressure),会更加勤奋学习;
  政府支付不起巨大的费用,收取学费是应该的。
  范文
  With the labour intensive economy gradually giving way to knowledge-focused economy, the access to higher education has become an issue of broad interest. The proposal to charge all university students with tuition fees and allow no exemption arises mainly from the concern that tertiary education has to compete with many other urgent demands for public funds and struggle with underfunding. I believe that: this policy, if implemented, will have an accumulative effect on the well-being of either individual students or the society as a whole.
  When laying the hope of future development over students, the government cannot shirk from the responsibility to finance them. The sustained growth of a country rests on young talents. In this sense, the government is investing, not spending money. A standard example is America, a country investing multimillion dollars in higher education on an annual basis and sponsoring students' study by different forms of aid, such as scholarships, subsidies, allowances and student loans. It can be expected that these well-educated aspiring people, after finishing their education, will constitute a main drive of a state's growth. Moreover, the government should plough a reasonable proportion of tax revenue, most being sourced from parents, back to their children.
  Meanwhile, it is worth mentioning that some schools tend to force a complex of charges over students, with the aim to extend, their profit margin. Ignorant of their not-for-profit nature, many universities might deviate from their most important tasks, such as improving teaching quality. The persistence of this problem will make their academic service much less credible and quality of teaching and faculty staff uneven. A university can cover its expense by various means, such as the receipt of donation, or the government's funding, instead of levying a high fee over students.
  The reasons cited above have justified why university students need not pay more than a lower payment. While depending on young generations, the society should be more considerate of their situation. The effort to encourage tertiary education participation will pay back sooner, rather than later.
  近义词表
  1. give way to=succumb to=yield to:向…让步
  2. exemption=exception:例外,免费
  3. accumulative=gi-owing=increasing=incremental=spiralling:累加的,逐步增加的
  4. shirk=evade=avoid=dodge=shun :躲避
  5- sustained=everlasting=eternal=:endless=unending=perpetual:持续的,永远的
  6. rest on=hinge on=depend on:依靠,信赖于
  7. aspiring=hopeful=aspirant:有志向的,有希望的
  8. deviate=diverge=stray:偏离
  9. persistence = continuance :持续
  10. uneven=unbalanced=unequal:不平衡的,不均衡的
  (实习编辑:何己派)

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