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英语专四语法指导:形容词和副词(3)

2014-04-08 09:14

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

  下面为考生介绍专四语法中最高级的表示法。
  最高级的表示法
  1. 句型
  (1)the+最高级+in(of)
  (2)比较级+than+any other/all the other
  (3)Nothing(no+noun.)+is +so+形(副)原级+as
  (4)Nothing(no +noun.)+is +形比较级+than
  再没有比…更…
  (5)as+adj+as +S.+can be
  (6)all the +形副比较级+从句
  1. the+最高级+in(of/among)
  By far, she is the most ambitious girl among all the students I have ever taught.
  To me, physics is the most difficult subject in all the courses offered in the college.
  As far as many people are concerned (as far as occupations are concerned), teaching is the most noble profession of all.
  比较级+than+any other/all the other
  She is more intelligent than all the other students in her class.
  He is more mischievous than any other boy in the neighborhood.
  The man is more knowledgeable than all the other men in his company.
  2. Nothing+is +形比较级+than
  再没有比…更…
  Nothing is more enjoyable than going out for a walk after a big supper.
  Nothing is more valuable than good health.
  Nothing gives the old man more happiness than raising birds.
  Nothing benefits college students more than constantly taking part in social practice to adapt themselves to the society (to gain some social experience).
  3. 倍数表达法
  (1)倍数+as+原级+as+被比对象(甲是乙的多少倍)
  (2)倍数+比较级+than+被比对象(甲比乙….多少倍)
  (3)倍数+the+表数量大小的名词+of+被比对象或that/those of
  4. 倍数+as+原级+as+被比对象
  Their new house is twice as large as their previous one.
  The electrical bicycle runs twice as fast/quickly as common bikes.
  5. 倍数+比较级+than+被比对象
  The factory produces three times more cars than the other one.
  The passage is twice longer than the one we discussed last week.
  6. 倍数+the+表数量大小的名词+of+被比对象或that/those of
  The size of the apartment is three times that of the house they used to live in/inhabit.
  The number of students who failed in the final exam this term is twice that of the students last term.
  The rooms in this hotel are six times those of the small inn.
  7. enough的用法
  I have had enough water.
  I have had enough.
  It is enough.
  He is old enough to go to school.
  Do you have enough money to buy the book?
  8. So, such
  So +adj. + a +noun.
  Such +a+adj. +noun.
  Eg. It is so interesting a story.
  It is such an interesting story.
  不可数名词只能用such修饰。
  Such fine weather
  So fine weather (X)
  9. so、too和enough的区别
  The book is so interesting that I read it twice.
  It is too hard for me to understand.
  He is too old to be a qualified soldier.
  The textbook is too easy for our use.
  Am I qualified enough to do the job?
  Are there enough books available?
  (实习编辑:何己派)

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