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英语专四语法指导:形容词和副词(2)

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2014-04-08 09:12  作者:  来源:新东方网整理  字号:T|T

  下面介绍专四考试中形容词、副词的用法。
  特殊形容词
  1. 有些形容词(表示形状)只有原级,不能用比较级和最高级形式(round、square)。
  还有一些形容词本身就表示“最好,完美,独一无二,最理想的”等最高级意义,只有原级,不能用比较级和最高级形式(perfect, ideal, excellent, unique, favorite)。
  少数的外来词本身就有比较的含义,不能再加er或more…than,一般用介词to引出比较对象。
  Superior, inferior, junior, senior, prior
  This is much superior in quality to the previous one.
  She is senior to me in rank/in age.
  Prior to the meeting, I attended a lecture.
  2. No More/less Vs. Not More/less
  She is no more intelligent than he is.
  她不比他聪明多少。(两人都不太聪明)(两者都否定)
  She is not more intelligent than he is.
  她不如他更聪明。(他比她更聪明)(肯定后者,否定前者)
  3. much too 和too much的区别
  ——Much too +adj./adv.
  ——Too much+noun. 或用做代词
  The coat is much too expensive.
  It caused too much pain.
  I have already had too much.
  4. 同(原)级比较句型
  (1)as+adj(adv)原级+as
  (2)as+adj(原级)+a (an)+n +as
  (3)no+比较级+than
  (4)the same…as
  (5)not as (so)+原级+as
  5. as+adj(adv)原级+as
  This room is as big as that one.
  He is as timid as a rabbit.
  The cap in his head is as indispensable to him as his nose on his face.
  The athlete runs as fast as a horse.
  The train travels as fast as a plane.
  6. no+比较级+than
  He is no more intelligent than I am.
  Implied meaning: we two are not very clever. We two are both quite stupid.
  (cf. He is not more intelligent than I am.)
  Implied meaning: I was more intelligent than he is.
  He is less intelligent than I am. I am quite intelligent but he is not.
  This film is no more interesting than the one we saw last week.
  (cf. This film is not more interesting than the one we saw last week.)
  7. 比较级的句型
  (1)比较级+than
  (2)使用带有比较含义的形容词+to(senior to等)
  (3)the+比较级,the+比较级(越…越…)
  8. 使用带有比较含义的形容词+to(senior to等)
  Superior, inferior, junior, senior, prior, previous, preferable等形容词本身已含有“比什麽更”的意义,不需要比较级more…than.
  Human beings are superior to other animals in that they can make and use tools for various purposes.
  Fake goods are inferior to genuine commodities in both quality and durability.
  9. the+比较级,the+比较级
  (越…越…)
  Absolute secrecy is essential. Consequently, the fewer who are aware of the plan, the better.
  The more, the better.
  The more quickly, the better.
  The more he learned, the more eagerly he wanted to learn.
  Chances are that the more you practice, the more you perfect. (the more practice you make, the more skillful you are.)
  (实习编辑:何己派)

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