新东方网>大学教育>专四专八>备考辅导>专业四级>语法>正文

英语专四语法指导:形容词和副词(1)

2014-04-08 09:08

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

  下面是形容词和副词的用法介绍:
  修饰词的词序
  “限定词+形容词+名词”词组中限定词+形容词的排列顺序。
  限定词 + 一般描述性形容词 + 表示大小、形状的形容词 + 表示年龄、新旧的形容词 + 表示颜色的形容词 + 表示国籍、地区、出处的形容词 + 表示物质材料的形容词 + 表示用途、类别的形容词或名词
  Examples
  When she got her first month salary, Diana bought herself ___ dress.
  A. a cotton, blue expensive
  B. a blue, expensive cotton
  C. an expensive blue, cotton
  D. a cotton, expensive blue
  1. 用连字号构成的形容词中的名词一般不用复数形式。
  A three-day journey=a three days'journey
  A two-hour meeting=a two hours' meeting
  2. Daily, weekly, yearly, monthly等一些以ly结尾的词即可以是形容词也可是副词。
  A daily newspaper
  Go to visit a place weekly
  Yearly production (annual)
  Change yearly
  At a monthly interval
  Go to see a doctor/ a dentist monthly
  3. fast、long、well、enough等一些形容词本身也可以做副词用,不能再加ly。
  The train is fast.
  The train runs fast.
  There is enough water.
  He is old enough to go to school.
  late, lately; hard, hardly
  有些形容词加ly后意义不同,发生变化(late, lately; hard, hardly等)。
  Sorry I am late.
  I haven't seen him lately.
  It is hard to predict what will happen in the future.
  If you work hard, chances are that you will achieve success in your career.
  It is hardly too much to say that we benefit from doing some part-time jobs.
  表语形容词
  有些形容词只能做表语。(如表健康的ill、well和以前缀a开头的形容词alone, awake, aware, astir, ashore, asleep, alike, alive)
  Are you aware that you are heading for danger?
  My mother was still awake when I came back.
  I am liable to fall asleep during boring lectures.
  过去分词用much修饰
  过去分词充当的形容词用much修饰/与very+adj的区别。
  He was much respected.
  The story was very funny.
  I was much excited.
  It is very interesting.
  too…to的含义
  too ... to 表否定含义
  It was too cold for us to go shopping.
  (= It was so cold that we couldn't...)
  (all/ only) too…to 表示肯定意义
  He's only too pleased to help us. 非常愿意/高兴帮助我们。
  I shall be only too happy to go with you there.
  (实习编辑:何己派)

官方微信:新东方四六级 (微信号:xdfcet46

英语四六级课程、听说读写译方法、最新资讯,请扫二维码,关注我们! 

四六级真题及答案解析下载

手机号

猜你喜欢

  • 动态
  • 报考
  • 成绩
  • 辅导

          新东方英语四六级辅导专区

          班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 详细

          焦点推荐

          精品直播

          版权及免责声明

          凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

          本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

          如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。

          热搜关键词