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英语专四语法指导:不定式做定语

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2014-04-08 09:03  作者:  来源:新东方网整理  字号:T|T

  下面是不定式做定语的用法:
  (1)被修饰的名词前有序数词、形容词最高级或next, last, only, not a, the, very等限定词时,该名词用不定式做定语。如:the first woman to set foot on the moon 第一个登上月球的女性。
  (2)如果其动词要求不定式做宾语,相应的名词一般用不定式做定语。如:
  tendency to do→tend to do, decision to do→decide to do
  This book is an attempt to help you use English and recognize how it is used.
  (3)如果其形容词形式要求接不定式做补语,相应的名词一般用不定式做定语。如:
  ambition to do “干……的雄心”→be ambitious to do“有雄心干……”
  curiosity to do “对……的好奇心”→be curious to do“对……好奇”
  ability to do“做……的能力”→able to do“有能力做……”
  According to Darwin, random changes that enhance a species’ ability to survive are naturally selected and passed on to succeeding generation.
  (4)表示方式、原因、时间、机会、权利等名词用不定式做定语,这些名词包括:
  way, method, reason, time, place, chance, occasion, opportunity, evidence, power, right, movement, drive (运动),effort等。如:I worked so late in the office last night that I hardly had time to catch the last bus.
  We appreciate your efforts to bring about a comprehensive solution to the existing problem.
  (5)不定代词something, nothing, little, much, a lot习惯上用不定式做定语。如:
  Though we have made great progress, there is still much to be improved.

(实习编辑:何己派)

英语专四语法 英语专四备考 专四练习 2014年英语专四考试 相关文章导读

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