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英语专业八级人文知识练习题2(英国概况)

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2012-09-19 11:57  作者:  来源:考试大  字号:T|T

  练习题:
  1 How many members are there in the House of Commons?
  A 650
  B 524
  C 72
  D 651
  2 Which of the following people didn’t use to be the British Prime Minister?
  A Margaret Thatcher
  B Winston Churchill
  C Horatio Nelson
  D John Major
  3 By tradition, the leader of the majority party is appointed _____ by the Sovereign in the United Kingdom.
  A Prime Minister
  B Member of Parliament
  C Lord of appeal
  D Speaker of the House
  4 The Tories were the forerunners of _____, which still bears this nickname today.
  A the Labour Party
  B the Conservative Party
  C the Liberal Party
  D the Social Democratic Party
  5 In the United Kingdom, the party which wins the ____ number of seats in the House of Commons becomes the official Opposition.
  A largest
  B second largest
  C third largest
  D fourth largest
  6 The term “British disease” is now often used to characterize Britain’s _____ decline.
  A political
  B educational
  C military
  D economic
  7 The 1980s was remembered as the decade of _____.
  A globalization
  B nationalization
  C privatization
  D competition
  8 Today, in Britain, ______ is called a “sick” industry.
  A coal mining
  B iron and steel
  C textiles
  D shipbuilding
  9 The first steam engine was devised by Thomas Newcomer at the end of the 17th century, and the Scottish inventor ____ modified and improved the design in 1765.
  A Abraham Darby
  B James Watt
  C John Kay
  D Richard Arkwrightthe
  10 _____ created the industrial working class, the proletariat, and it later led to trade unionism.
  A The Chartist Movement
  B The Industrial Revolution
  C The French Revolution
  D The Glorious Revolution
  练习题答案及题解:
  1 D, 下议院共有651名议员。
  2 C, 撒切尔夫人,丘吉尔和梅杰都曾经做过英国首相;而纳尔逊(1758-1805),英国海军统帅,因作战负伤,右眼失明,失去右臂。后任地中海舰队司令,在特法尔加角海战中大败西班牙联合舰队,本人受重伤阵亡,号称 Viscount Nelson。
  3 A, 在英国,按照传统,多数党的领导人由君主任命为首相,首相从本党内部挑选一些领导人担任各部部长职位。
  4 B, 托利党是英国保守党的前身。
  5 B, 在英国,在下议院中赢得第二席位的政党为反对党,它也有它自己的领导和影子内阁(shadow cabinet)。
  6 D, 现在“英国病”这一术语经常用来指英国经济上的衰退。
  7 C, 正如20世纪40年代被看作是国有化的时代一样,20世纪80年代被看作是私有化的时代。包括英国石油、航空、钢铁、电讯在内的几乎40% 的国有公司实现了私有化。
  8 A, 英国煤矿业被称为生病工业。英国的煤产量在一战前达到顶点,如今的英国的煤矿业衰退,从而导致矿工的数量、煤矿的总产量大大下降。
  9 B, 第一台蒸汽机是 Thomas Newcomer 在17世纪末设计的,后来苏格兰发明家瓦特在1765年对原有的设计进行了改进提高,生产出了第一台高效的蒸汽机并应用到纺织和其他机械业中。
  10 B, 工业革命产生了工人阶级,即无产阶级。后来形成了工会制度。  

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