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英语专业八级人文知识练习题7(英国概况)

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2012-09-19 11:59  作者:  来源:考试大  字号:T|T

练习题:
  1 The two areas in Britain where a lot of immigrants live are _____.
  A London and Cambridge
  B London and heart of England
  C Manchester and Birmingham
  D Edinburgh and Nottingham
  2 The flag of the United Kingdom, known as the Union Jack, is made up of _____ crosses.
  A one
  B two
  C three
  D four
  3 Which flower is symbol of England?
  A Thistle B Shamrock C Daffodil D Rose
  4 _____ was the home of the Lake Poets William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor, Coleridge and Robert Southey of 19th century Britain.
  A Lough Neagh
  B Windermere
  C Lake District
  D Coniston Water
  5 The first known settlers of Britain were the _____.
  A Iberians
  B Beaker Folk
  C Celts
  D Anglo-Saxons
  6 Who invaded and conquered Britain for the first time in 55 BC?
  A Emperor Claudius
  B King Alfred
  C King Ethelred
  D Julius Caesar
  7 Which one is not the reason for the very limited influence of Roman to Britain?
  A The Romans always treated the Britons as a subject people of slave class.
  B The Romans and Britons never intermarry during the 4 centuries
  C The Romans didn't like the Britons.
  D The Romans had no impact on the language or culture of ordinary Britons.
  8 The Hundred Years' war with France ended by the English being driven out of France. By 1453 _____ was the only part of France that was still in the hands of the English.
  A Dover
  B Calais
  C Southampton
  D Portsmouth
  9 Which war had little effect on ordinary people but gave a death blow to feudalism?
  A The Wars of the Roses
  B The Hundred Years' War
  C The English Civil War
  D World War I
  10 The English Civil War, also called the Puritan Revolution , is generally regarded as the beginning of modern ____ history.
  A European
  B Scottish
  C Welsh
  D world
  练习题答案及题解:
  1 B, 现在,英国移民主要集中在伦敦及英格兰心脏地带的一些城市和城镇,诸如 Slough, Leicester, Wolverhampton, Birmingham, Luton, Bradford, Coventry, Bedford 和Reading等等。
  2 C, 英国国旗为红白蓝三色的米字旗(也叫“Union Jack”),是由三个十字组成。
  3 D, A,蓟是苏格兰的象征,用作苏格兰的国徽;B,三叶苜蓿花为爱尔兰的国花;C,黄水仙花是威尔士的国花;D,玫瑰则是英格兰的国花。
  4 C, 位于英格兰西北部和威尔士北部的湖区是英国著名的风景区之一,也是英国十九世纪湖畔诗人聚居的地方。
  5 A, 最早来英国定居的是伊比利亚人。大约在公元前3000年左右,也就是新石器时代,他们从伊比利亚半岛(即今天的西班牙)来到英国。
  6 D, 英国的历史是从罗马人的入侵开始的。恺撒,这位伟大的罗马将军,在公元前55年第一次带兵入侵并征服了英国。
  7 C, 尽管罗马人征服了英国,但是罗马文化对英国的影响十分有限。这主要是因为:罗马人一直把英国人看作是社会地位相当于奴隶的被降伏的民族;在长达四个世纪的时间里从来没有罗马人跟英国人通婚;罗马人对英国平民阶层的语言和文化没有任何影响。
  8 B, 英法之间的百年战争以英国人被赶出法国而告终。到1453年战争结束时,只有法国北部的加莱港还在英国人手里。
  9 A, 尽管玫瑰战争持续了30年,但对老百姓的生活几乎没什么影响,反倒使英国的封建主义受到致命打击,贵族阶层受到了削弱。
  10 D, 英国内战也叫“清教徒革命”,这是因为反对国王的人大部分是那些清教徒。英国内战不仅推翻了英国的封建制度,也动摇了欧洲封建统治的基础。所以,从这个角度讲,英国内战通常被看作现代世界史的开端。

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