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英语专业八级人文知识练习题1(英国概况)

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2012-09-19 12:00  作者:  来源:考试大  字号:T|T

  练习题:
  1 Britain was the first country to industrialize because of the following factors except _____.
  A Britain was well placed geographically to participate in European and world trade.
  B Britain had many rivers, which were useful for transport.
  C British engineers had sound training and the inventors were respected.
  D British government was increasingly interested in overseas and colonies after the 17th century.
  2 The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy. The _____ has very little power.
  A queen
  B monarch
  C prime minister
  D king
  3 Which party has always had strong links with the trade unions and received financial support from them?
  A the Labor Party
  B the Conservative Party
  C the Liberal Party
  D the Social Democratic Party
  4 On accepting ____, the age of constitutional monarchy, of a monarchy with powers limited by Parliament, began.
  A Constitutional Law
  B The Declaration of Independence
  C Civil Law
  D Bill of Rights
  5 Females were allowed to vote in national elections until ____.
  A 1918
  B 1916
  C 1920
  D 1896
  6 The British North America Act of 1867 established ____ as a domain.
  A Australia
  B Canada
  C New Zealand
  D India
  7 During World War II, as a war leader, _____ received massive popular support and led his country to final victory in 1945.
  A Harold Wilson
  B Edward Heath
  C Franklin Roosevelt
  D Winston Churchill
  8 The Falkland Islands war was between Britain and _____.
  A France
  B New Zealand
  C Argentina
  D Australia
  9 In Britain, a _____ is held when a Member of Parliament dies, retires or resigns.
  A civic election
  B by-election
  C popular election
  D general election
  10 In the United Kingdom, ministers are appointed by the Queen on the recommendation of _____.
  A the Lord Chancellor
  B the Monarch
  C the Prime Minister
  D the King
  练习题答案及题解:
  1 D, 英国之所以能成为世界上最早开始工业化的国家,原因有很多。但英国是从17世纪以后逐步开始对海外贸易和开拓海外殖民地产生浓厚兴趣的。
  2 B, 英国是君主立宪制国家,国王或女王(君主)几乎没什么实质性的权力。
  3 A, 保守党和自由党是英国最早成立的两个党派。大致来说,保守党是中上层阶级的党,它得到大公司财政上的支持;而工党,主要得到工会的支持,它的支持者主要是中产阶级和知识分子。
  4 D, 《权利法案》的签署,标志着英国进入了君主立宪制时代,一个君主几乎没有什么实质性权力并受制于议会的时代。
  5 A, 直到1918年妇女才在全国大选中享有选举权。
  6 B, 《1867年英国北美法案》将加拿大纳为它的自治领。
  7 D, 在第二次世界大战中,当时的英国首相丘吉尔作为战争统帅受到了英国人民的广泛拥戴,并带领英国人民赢得了战争的最后胜利。
  8 C, 福克兰群岛战役是发生在英国和阿根廷着这两个国家之间。位于大西洋南部的福克兰群岛从1892年起就是英国的海外殖民地,1982年阿根廷开始控制这些岛屿,但是英国最终打败了阿根廷,并重新占领了这些岛屿。
  9 B, 英国的下院议会成员中有人去世、退休或辞职时,就要进行补缺选举。
  10 C, 在英国,部长们是由首相推荐,女王加以任命的。

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