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2012英语专四完形填空模拟试题

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2012-04-01 11:25  作者:cetcet  来源:大学英语考试网  字号:T|T

  专四模拟试题(完型篇)

  A great deal of attention is being paid today to the so-called digital divide--the division of the world into the info(information) rich and the info poor. And that __1__ does exist today. My wife and I lectured about this looming danger twenty years ago. What was less __2__ then, however, were the new, positive __3__ that work against the digital divide. __4__,there are reasons to be __5__.

  There are technological reasons to hope the digital divide will narrow. As the Internet becomes more and more __6__, it is in the interest of business to universalize access-after all, the more people online, the more potential __7__ there are. More and more __8__, afraid their countries will be left __9__, want to spread Internet access. Within the next decade or two, one to two billion people on the planet will be __10__ together. As a result, I now believe the digital divide will __11__ rather than widen in the years ahead. And that is very good news because the Internet may well be the most powerful tool for __12__ world poverty that we’ve ever had.

  Of course, the use of the Internet isn’t the only way to __13__ poverty. And the Internet is not the only tool we have. But it has __14__ potential.

  To __15__ advantage of this tool, some poor countries will have to get over their outdated anti-colonial prejudices __16__ respect to foreign investment. Countries that still think foreign investment is a/an __17__ of their sovereignty might well study the history of __18__ (the basic structural foundations of a society) in the United States. When the United States built its industrial infrastructure, it didn’t have the capital to do so. And that is __19__ America’s Second Wave infrastructure-__20__ roads, harbors, highways, ports and so on-were built with foreign investment.

  __1. A) divide B) information C) world D) lecture

  __2. A) obscure B) visible C) invisible D) indistinct

  __3. A) forces B) obstacles C) events D) surprises

  __4. A) Seriously B) Entirely C) Actually D) Continuously

  __5. A) negative B) optimistic C) pleasant D) disappointed

  __6. A) developed B) centralized C) realized D) commercialized

  __7. A) users B) producers C) customers D) citizens

  __8. A) enterprises B) governments C) officials D) customers

  __9. A) away B) for C) aside D) behind

  __10. A) netted B) worked C) put D) organized

  __11. A) decrease B) narrow C) neglect D) low

  __12. A) containing B) preventing C) keeping D) combating

  __13. A) win B) detail C) defeat D) fear

  __14. A) enormous B) countless C) numerical D) big

  __15. A) bring B) keep C) hold D) take

  __16. A) at B) with C) of D) for

  __17. A) offence B) investment C) invasion D) insult

  __18. A) construction B) facility C) infrastructure D) institution

  __19. A) why B) where C) when D) how

  __20. A) concerning B) concluding C) according D) including

  参考答案:

  1.A 由文中第一行的digital divide得出答案。

  2.B obscure模糊的,不清楚的;visible看得见的,明显的;invisible看不见的;indistinct不清楚的,模糊的。空格前的less已有否定意义

  3.A force力量,武力;obstacle障碍;event事件;surprise惊奇,诧异。句意:现在有新的、乐观的力量来对抗数字鸿沟。

  4.C seriously认真地;entirely完全的;actually实际上;continuously 连续地。

  5.B negative消极的;optimistic乐观的;pleasant令人愉快的; disappointed令人失望的。前文说有积极的力量在对抗数字鸿沟的不利因素,因此,实 际上我们有理由保持乐观的态度。

  6.D develop发展;centralize集中;realize认识到;commercialize使商业化,由下文“网络有利于商业途径的普及”,可知此处表述的意思是网络越来越商业化。in the interest of...为了...的利益

  7.C user使用者;producer生产者;customer消费者;citizen公民。句意:越多的人上网就有越多的潜在消费者。

  8.B enterprise企业,事业;government政府;official官员;句意:越来越多的政府害怕他们的国家...

  9.D leave behind 留下,超过

  与leave相关的短语:leave aside把某事搁置一边

  leave out 省去,遗漏,不考虑

  leave off 停止,不再穿

  10.A 网络把人们联系在一起,选netted

  11.B decrease减少,narrow变窄;neglect忽视,疏忽;low降低 句意:因此,我现在认为数字鸿沟是在变窄而不是在拓宽

  12.D contain包含,容纳;prevent防止,阻止;keep保留,保持;combat战斗,搏斗

  13.C win赢得;detail详述,细说;defeat击败,战胜;fear畏惧。

  14.A enormous巨大的;countless无数的;numerical数字的。potential作名词为不可数,不能用countless修饰,big一般表示尺寸、数字、范围上的大。

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