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2012英语专业八级考试:常见名词和介词搭配短语

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2012-08-22 16:59  作者:  来源:沪江英语网  字号:T|T

  1.absence from 缺席,不在 如:

  His long absence from work delayed his promotion.
  他长期不上班,耽误了提升。

  2. absence of 缺乏 如:

  In the absence of my commanding officer, I acted on my own initiative.
  指挥官不在场,我主动见机行事。
  In the absence of their teacher the class was in a state of anarchy.
  教师不在,班上一片混乱。

  3. access to ……的入口,通路 如:

  The only access to the farmhouse is across the fields.
  要到那农舍去唯有穿过田地。
  She was forbidden access to the club.
  人家不允许她到那个俱乐部去。

  4. acquaintance with 相识,了解 如:

  I have only a nodding acquaintance with Japanese.
  我对日语仅略知一二。
  The guide has some acquaintance with Italian.
  导游懂得一点意大利语。

  5. action on sth 对……的作用 如:
  evidences of glacial action on the rocks
  岩石上的冰河留下的痕迹

  6. addition to sth 增加 如:

  She is a beautiful addition to the family.
  她是我们家漂亮的新成员。
  Can we finance the addition to our home?
  我们可以为你提供经费。

  7. admission to /into 进入;入(场,学,会等) 如:

  How does one gain admission to the Buckingham Palace?
  怎样才能获准进入白金汉宫?
  Admission to British universities depends on examination results.
  英国大学入学以考试成绩为凭。

  8. admission of sth 承认 如:

  His admission of guilt surprised everyone.
  他供认犯罪使大家感到意外。
  The write of the letter is ipso facto an admission of guilt.
  写此信的本身就是一种认罪。

  9. advance in 改进,进步,如:

  an advance in genetic engineering
  遗传工程学方面的进展
  to advance in years
  年纪增长

  10. advantage over 优于……的有利条件 如:

  Now we have won an advantage over the enemy.
  我们现在经赢得了对敌人的优势。

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