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2012年英语专业四级考试模拟试题1

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2012-03-12 14:12  作者:  来源:考试吧(Exam8.com)  字号:T|T

  Decide which of the choices given below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the best choice for each blank on your answer sheet.

  The “standard of living” of any country means the average person's share of the goods and services the country produces. A country's standard of living, ____31_______, depends first and 32 on its capacity to produce wealth. “Wealth” in this sense is not money, for we do not live on money 33 on things that money can buy: “goods” such as food and clothing, and “services” such as transport and “ __34 __ ” .

  A country's capacity to produce wealth depends upon many factors, most of 35 have an effect on one another. Wealth depends 36 a great extent upon a country's natural resources. Some regions of the world are well supplied with coal and minerals, and have a fertile soil and a 37 climate; other regions possess none of them.

  Next to natural resources 38 the ability to turn them to use. China is perhaps as well 39 as the USA in natural resources, but suffered for many years from civil and 40 wars, and 41 this and other reasons was 42 to develop her resources. 43 and stable political conditions, and 44 _____ from foreign invasion, enable a country to develop its natural resources peacefully and steadily, and to produce more wealth than another country equally well 45 by nature but less well ordered.

  A country's standard of living does not only depend upon the wealth that is produced and consumed 46 it own borders, but also upon what is indirectly produced through international trade. 47 Britain's wealth in foodstuffs and other agricultural products would be much less if she had to depend only on 48 _ grown at home. Trade makes it possible for her surplus manufactured goods to be traded abroad for the agricultural products that would 49 be lacking. A country’s wealth is, therefore, much influenced by its manufacturing capacity, 50 that other countries can be found ready to accept its manufactures.

  31. A. however B. therefore C. nevertheless D. furthermore

  32. A. primary B. principal C. foremost D. uniquely

  33. A. or B. nor C. but D. except

  34. A. recreation B. enlightenment C. refreshment D. entertainment

  35. A. if B. them C. which D. that

  36. A. with B. for C. to D. on

  37. A. neutral B. favorabl C. virtuous D. marine

  38. A. comes B. come C. coming D. came

  39. A. off B. known C. done D. furnished

  40. A. military B. external C. contemporary D. domestic

  41. A. for B. because C. because of D. due to

  42. A. Impossible B. Incapable C. unable D. proficient

  43. A. Strong B. Sturdy C. Sound D. Robust

  44. A. liberty B. freedom C. prevention D. liberation

  45. A .assisted B. avenged C. rescued D. served

  46. A. with B. within C. near D. without

  47. A. In short B. For example C. firstly D. On one hand

  48. A. those B. what C. that D. it

  49. A. likely B. likewise C. certainly D. otherwise

  50. A. provided B. depended C. given D. supposed

  PART IV GRAMMAR &VOCABULARY [15 MIN]

  There are thirty sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that best completes the sentence.

  Mark your answers on your answer sheet.

  51. We often advise him not to drink more wine __________is good for his health.

  A. as B. than C. that D. but

  52. It is necessary that an efficient worker __________his work on time.

  A. accomplishes B. can accomplish

  C. accomplish D. has accomplished

  53. My father will be here tomorrow, but at first I thought that he __________ today.

  A. was coming B. is coming

  C. will come D. come

  54. Without facts, we cannot form a worthwhile opinion for we need to have factual knowledge __________ our thinking.

  A which to be based on B. which to be base upon

  C. upon which to base D. to which to be based

  55. I didn't call to make my airline reservation, but I __________.

  A. should have B. may have

  C. must have D. shall have

  56. It’s the first time that she has been to the United States, __________?

  A. isn't she B. hasn't she

  C. isn't it D. hasn't it

  57. I think that the labor bill will pass; it's ____________that it will.

  A. almost surely B. very likely

  C. near positive D. quite certainly

  58. An increase in a nation's money supply, without an accompanying increase in economic activity, __________result in higher prices.

  A. tends B. tends the

  C. tending to D. will tend to

  59. X-rays are able to pass through objects and thus make __________details that are otherwise impossible to observe.

  A. it visible B. visibly

  C. visible D. they are visible

  60. Prices for bikes at that store run__________250 dollars.

  A. as high as B. as high to

  C. so high to D. so high as

  61. He will not be __________ to vote in this year's election.

  A. enough old B. as old enough

  C. old enough D. enough old as

  62. Thomas Jefferson's achievements as an architect rival his contributions __________a politician.

  A. such B. more C. as D. than

  63. According to the conditions of my scholarship, after finishing my degree__________.

  A. my education will be employed by the university

  B. employment will be given to me by the university

  C. the university will employ me

  D. I will be employed by the university

  64. If Bob's wife won't agree to sign the papers, ____________.

  A. neither he will B. neither will he

  C. neither won't he D. he won't neither

  65. _____ is generally accepted, economic growth is determined by the smooth development of production.

  A. What B. That C. It D. As

  66. A violent revolution having broken out, all the ports of that country were laid under a(n) ______.

  A. boycott B. embargo C. embark D. ban

  67. Since_________ can't work in the United States without a permit, so it is of great importance for them to present their credentials to the government.

  A. emigrants B. expatriates C. migrants D. immigrants

  68. Most investors are taught at the very beginning that there is no place for __________in investment markets.

  A. feeling B. emotion C. passion D. sentiment

  69. I__________ my ordinary income by doing some part-time work.

  A. compliment B. Complement C. supplement D. implement

  70. Before the statue could be __________to the United States, a site had to be found for it and a pedestal had to be built.

  A. transformed B. transported C. transferred D. transmitted

  71. The final document was, of course, supposed to mend the damage __________upon the world by the war,

  A. imposed B. impressed C. compelled D. compressed

  72. Roger, who __________in courage, is highly respected by all his peers in the villages.

  A. bounds B. possesses C. declares D. abounds

  73. The tourists are told that the remotest village in this area is only_________ by a river.

  A. accessible B. available C. obtainable D. achievable

  74. He__________ interrupted me by asking irrelevant questions.

  A. continually B. continuously C. consistently D. constantly

  75. Being a man of _________ and public spirit. Mr. Russell labored zealously to advance the interest of the community and was much interested in bringing new manufacturing interests to Waterloo.

  A. firm B. enterprise C. company D. corporation

  76. When people do things wrong we should try hard to forgive them, as the idiom goes, “To ______ is human.”

  A. refer B. confer C. defer D. err

  77. Although gaining a job as a real __________agent or broker may be relatively easy, beginning agents and brokers may face competition from well-established, more experienced ones.

  A. property B. estate C. house D. assets

  78. The constitution of the State required that property should be __________for taxation at its market value.

  A. estimated B. appraised C. evaluated D. valued

  79. On June 15, 1909, after Scott finished his rushed plans for his________ to the South Pole, he departed from England.

  A. tour B. voyage C. expedition D. excursion

  80. The government authority had to __________oil and other products so that it would not run out during war.

  A. share B. fare C. provide D. ration

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