新东方网>大学教育>专四专八>备考辅导>专业八级>阅读>正文

2012专八阅读理解模拟题(2):印第安的生活

2012-02-24 16:42

来源:普特英语听力

作者:

  2012英语专业八级阅读理解模拟试题(2)

  As many as one thousand years ago in the Southwest, the Hopi and Zuni Indians of North America were building with adobe-sun baked brick plastered with mud. Their homes looked remarkably like modern apartment houses. Some were four stories high and contained quarters for perhaps a thousand people, along with store rooms for grain and other goods. These buildings were usually put up against cliffs, both to make construction easier and for defense against enemies. They were really villages in themselves, as later Spanish explorers must have realized since they called them "pueblos", which is Spanish for town.

  The people of the pueblos raised what are called "the three sisters" - corn, beans, and squash. They made excellent pottery and wove marvelous baskets, some so fine that they could hold water. The Southwest has always been a dry country, where water is scarce. The Hopi and Zuni brought water from streams to their fields and gardens through irrigation ditches. Water was so important that it played a major role in their religion. They developed elaborate ceremonies and religious rituals to bring rain.

  The way of life of less settled groups was simpler and more strongly influenced by nature. Small tribes such as the Shoshone and Ute wandered the dry and mountainous lands between the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific Ocean. They gathered seeds and hunted small animals such as small rabbits and snakes. In the Far North the ancestors of today’s Inuit hunted seals, walruses, and the great whales. They lived right on the frozen seas in shelters called igloos built of blocks of packed snow. When summer came, they fished for salmon and hunted the lordly caribou.

  The Cheyenne, Pawnee, and Sioux tribes, known as the Plains Indians, lived on the grasslands between the Rocky Mountains and the Mississippi River. They hunted bison, commonly called the buffalo. Its meat was the chief food of these tribes, and its hide was used to make their clothing and covering of their tents and tipis.

  1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

  A. The architecture of early American Indian buildings.

  B. The movement of American Indians across North America.

  C. Ceremonies and rituals of American Indians.

  D. The way of life of American Indian tribes in early North America.

  2. It can be inferred from the passage that the dwellings of the Hopi and Zuni were______.

  A. very small

  B. highly advanced

  C. difficult to defend

  D. quickly constructed

  答案详解:

  1. D) 根据阅读短文可知,作者主要描述了北美地区不同印第安部落的不同的生活方式 。故选项D为正确答案。

  2. B) 此题为推断题。根据文章第一段可知,早在一千年前Hopi和Zuni两支北美印第安部落就用一种砖坯“adobe”来建造房屋,高可达四层楼高,有居住室还有储藏室,颇像现代的公寓,故选项B(高度发达)为正确答案。

小编推荐:

>>>2012年新东方教师英语专八人文知识精讲

>>>大学英语专八写作佳句汇总

>>>英语专八写作开头结尾万能公式

 

实习编辑:宋奇莲

官方微信:新东方四六级 (微信号:xdfcet46

英语四六级课程、听说读写译方法、最新资讯,请扫二维码,关注我们! 

四六级真题及答案解析下载

手机号

猜你喜欢

  • 动态
  • 报考
  • 成绩
  • 辅导

          新东方英语四六级辅导专区

          班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 详细

          焦点推荐

          精品直播

          版权及免责声明

          凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

          本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

          如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。

          热搜关键词