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2012英语专业八级改错模拟题(19)

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2012-02-21 17:52  作者:  来源:普特听力  字号:T|T

  Why does the idea of progress loom so large in

  the modern world? Surely because progress of particu-

  lar kind is actually taking place around us and is more

  and more manifesting. Although mankind has underg- __1__

  one no general improvement in intelligence or morali-

  ty, it has made extraordinary progress in the accumu-

  lation of knowledge. Knowledge begins to increase as __2__

  soon as the thoughts of one individual could be com-

  municated to another by mean of speech. With the in- __3__

  vention of writing, knowledge could be communicated

  and stored. Libraries made education possible, and

  education in turn added libraries: the growth of knowl- __4__

  edge followed a kind of compound-interest law,

  which was greatly enhanced by the invention of print-

  ing. All this was comparatively slow until, with the

  coming of science, the tempo was suddenly risen. __5__

  then knowledge began to be accumulated according to

  a systematic plan. However, as soon as new knowl- __6__

  edge is acquired, it is now turned to practical ac-

  count. What is called “modern civilization” is not the

  result of a balanced development of all man’s nature,

  but not of accumulated knowledge applied to practical __7__

  life. The problem now facing humanity is: what is go-

  ing to be done with all this knowledge? Like is often __8__

  pointed out, knowledge is a two edged weapon which

  could be used equally for good or evil. It is now being __9__

  used indifferently for both. Could any spectacle, for

  instance, be more grimly whimsical than that gunners __10__

  using science to shatter men’s bodies while, close at

  hand, surgeons use it to restore them. 

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