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大学英语专业四级完形填空测试题(88)

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2011-12-12 18:21  作者:  来源:考试大  字号:T|T

  There was a time when parents who wanted an educational present for the ir children would buy a typewriter, a globe or an encyclopedia set. Now those ___ 1___ seem hopelessly oldfashioned; this Christmas, there were a lo t of personal computers under the tree. ___ 2___ that computers are the key to success, parents are also frantically insisting that children ___ 3___ taught to use them in schoo l—as early as possible. The problem for schools is that when it ___ 4 ___ computers, parents don’t always know best. Many schools are yielding to parental impatience and are purchasing hardware ___ 5___ sound education al planning so they can say, “OK, we’ve moved into the computer age.” Teachers found themselves caught in the middle of the problem—between parent pressure a nd ___ 6___ educational decisions. Educators do not even agree ___ 7 ___ how computers should be used. A lot of money is going for computerized e ducational materials ___ 8___ research has shown can be taught ___ 9 ___ with pencil and paper. Even those who believe that all children should h ave access to computers, warn of potential ___ 10___ to the very young.  The temptation remains strong largely because young children ___ 11___ s o well to computers. First graders have been seen willing to work for two hours on math skills. Some have an attention span of 20 minutes. ___ 12___ sch ool can afford to go into computing, and that creates ___ 13___ another problem: a division between the haves and havenots. Very few parents are agita ting ___ 14___ computer instruction in poor school districts, ___ 15 ___ there may be barely enough money to pay the reading teacher.

  1. A. items B. toys C. sets D. series

  2. A. Given B. Provided C. Convinced D. Believed

  3. A. are B. be C. are being D. were

  4. A. talks about B. comes to C. turns to D. mentions

  5. A. without B. with C. through D. for

  6. A. wise B. clever C. slow D. enough

  7. A. on B. with C. to D. about

  8. A. however B. it C. what D. that

  9. A. equally B. in the same way C. just as well D. not as well 

  10. A. approaches B. exposures C. dangers D. harmful

  11. A. adopt B. keep C. adapt D. devote

  12. A. High B. Not every C. No D. Any

  13. A. already B. of course C. in addition D. yet

  14. A. for B. against C. to buy D. use

  15. A. for B. in any case C. although D. where

  参考答案及详解

  1. A) 根据句义“现在那些东西(指以上提到的 打字机、地球仪、百科全书)显得太落后了”可知,本空正确答案为A items

  2. C) 通过分析本句结构可知此空所在句是一个从句,作主句的原因状语 ,结合选项可知 此空需要动词的过去分词表示“确信、相信”的意思,故选项C为正确答案,因为“be conv inced that”意为“确信、相信”。

  3. B) 主句中动词为insist时,一般宾语从句应该使用虚拟语气,并且一 般情况下省略should。

  4. B) 此空前it的使用法在语法上叫“虚义”it,因此它无法和talk abo ut, mention搭 配使用。come to有几种意义分别为“归因是”,“结果是”;“谈到”,“想到”;“总 共”,“共达”等。Turn to意为“转向,指向”等。根据上下文可推断句义为“当谈到计 算机的问题时,…”,由此可见此空应选B come to。

  5. A) 根据句义“许多学校在没有制定良好的教学计划前,就屈从了家长 们的压力购买了电脑。”可判断此空应使用介词without。

  6. A) 根据上下文可知学校迫于家长的压力不得不购买了电脑,这使得老 师们处 于两难境地,即家长的压力和明智正确的教育方针,故此空选A。clever一般用来指人。

  7. A) agree on意为“同意”某某观点。Agree with后接人。

  8. D) that用于此空引导定语从句。

  9. C) 此句句义为“很多钱被用来购买电脑教学资料,但是研究表明用纸 和笔教学能达到 同样的教学效果。”可知,此空词应使此句构成比较结构,而选项A和B都没有此功能,选项 D意义不符,故选项C为正确答案,just as well原为固定搭配,意为“幸亏,幸而”,但在 此处是省略了第二个as的比较结构。

  10. C) 根据句意“潜在的危险”可知此空正确答案为选项C。

  11. C) adapt to意为“适应”。Devote …to意为“奉献,献身于”意义 不符。

  12. B) 根据上下文可推断句义为:不是每个学校都能买得起电脑。故此空 选B。

  13. D) 此空涉及yet的用法。首先可用排除法排除already, of course, i n addition, 因为他们要么意义不符,要么用法不符。Yet既可作副词也可作连词。作副词时意为“还、 仍然、尚”,常用于否定句中,如 Much remain yet to be done. / He has not yet hear d the good news.有时意为“已经”,常用于疑问句中。作连词时意为“而,然而,可是” 。此空yet符合第一种用法。

  14. A) “agitate for”意为“鼓动,赞成”。

  15. D) where用于此空引导非限定性的定语从句。

(责任编辑:何佩琦)

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