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大学英语专业四级完形填空测试题(87)

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2011-12-12 18:21  作者:  来源:考试大  字号:T|T

  Have you ever wondered what our future is like?Practically all people _1_ a desire to predict their future _2_.Most people seem inclined to _3_ this task using causal reasoning.First we _4_ recognize that future circumstances are _5_ caused or conditioned by present ones.We learn that getting an education will _6_ how much money we earn later and that swimming beyond the reef may bring an unhappy _7_ with a shark.

  Second,people also learn that such _8_ of cause and effect are probabilistic(可能的) in nature.That is,the effects occur more often when the causes occur than when the causes are _9_, but not always.Thus,students learn that studying hard _10_ good grades in most instances,but not every time.Science makes these concepts of causality and probability more _11_ and provides techniques for dealing _12_ then more accurately than does causal human inquiry.In looking at ordinary human inquiry,we need to _13_ between prediction and understanding.Often,even if we don't understand why,we are willing to act _14_ the basis of a demonstrated predictive ability.

  Whatever the primitive drives _15_ motivate human beings,satisfying them depends heavily on the ability to _16_ future circumstances.The attempt to predict is often played in a _17_ of knowledge and understanding.If you can understand why certain regular patterns _18_,you can predict better than if you simply observe those patterns.Thus,human inquiry aims _19_ answering both "what" and "why" question,and we pursue these _20_ by observing and figuring out. 

  1. [A]exhibit [B]exaggerate [C]examine [D]exceed 

  2. [A]contexts [B]circumstances [C]inspections [D]intuitions 

  3.[A]underestimate [B]undermine [C]undertake [D]undergo 

  4. [A]specially [B]particularly [C]always [D]generally 

  5. [A]somehow [B]somebody [C]someone [D]something 

  6. [A]enact [B]affect [C]reflect [D]inflect 

  7. [A]meeting [B]occurrence [C]encounter [D]contact 

  8. [A]patterns [B]designs [C]arrangements[D]pictures 

  9. [A]disappointde [B]absent [C]inadequate [D]absolute 

  10.[A]creates [B]produces [C]loses [D]protects 

  11.[A]obscure [B]indistinct [C]explicit [D]explosive 

  12.[A]for [B]at [C]in [D]with 

  13.[A]distinguish [B]distinct [C]distort [D]distract 

  14.[A]at [B]on [C]to [D]under 

  15.[A]why [B]how [C]that [D]where 

  16.[A]predict [B]produce [C]pretend [D]precede 

  17.[A]content [B]contact [C]contest [D]context 

  18.[A]happen [B]occur [C]occupy [D]incur 

  19.[A]at [B]on [C]to [D]beyond 

  20.[A]purposes [B]ambitions [C]drives [D]goals

  答案: 

  1.A 词义辨析 exhibit"展出 ,表现",exaggerate"夸张",exceed"超越,胜过" 原句意为:实际上,人们会对未来的 生活怀有(展示出)一定的愿望。 

  2.B 词义辨析 context"上下文",circumstance"环境",inspection"检查,视察", intuition"直觉" 

  3.C 词义辨析 underestimate"低估",undermine"破坏",undertake"承担, 担任",undergo"经历,遭受"。undertake a task为常见搭配,意为"开始进行一项任 务" 

  4.D 词义辨析 选项C、D看似均可,但always显得有些武断。 

  5.A 篇章逻辑 somehow"不知何故,以某种方式" 

  6.B 词义辨析 enact"制定法律,颁布",inflect"弯曲" 

  7.C 词义辨析 encounter指没有事先计划的、未料到的、短暂的相遇 

  8.A 词义辨析 pattern模式,式样;design设计,图案;第一段中 提到过人们习惯用因果关系去推断,这是一种思考模式。 

  9.B 词义辨析 absent缺少的,不在的;inadequate不充分的;根据文中意思应选一个与 occur意思相反的词。 

  10.B 词义辨析 create创造 produce产生,得到。原句意为学生知道努力学习在大多数 情况下会得到高的分数。 

  11.C 词义辨析 obscure朦胧的,模糊的;indistinct不清楚的;explicit外在的,清楚 地;explosive爆炸的;原句意为:科学使因果性和可能性的观念变的更加清楚

  12.D 短语搭配 deal in经营 eg:He deals in a small shop. deal with处理,安排 

  13.A 词义辨析 distinguish区别,辨别;distinct清楚地,明显的;distort扭曲,歪 曲;distract转移。distinguish between为常用搭配,意为"区别... 和..." 

  14.B 短语搭配 on the basis of以...为基础 

  15.C 语法结构 drive在此为名词,意为“动力”,空格后部分是对drive进行修饰,故 选关系代词that引导定语从句。 

  16.A 词义辨析 predict预言;pretend假装;precede在...之前 

  17.D 词义辨析 content内容;contact接触;contest争论,竞赛;context上下文 in the context of意为"在...情况下" 

  18.B 词义辨析 occur发生,出现;occupy占用,占领;incur招致 

  19.A 短语搭配 aim at瞄准,针对

  20.D 词义辨析 purpose目的,以图;ambition野心;drive推动力;goal目的,目标。

(责任编辑:何佩琦)

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