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大学英语专业四级完形填空测试题(83)

2011-12-12 18:19

来源:考试大

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  Have you ever wondered what our future is like?Practically all people _1_ a desire to predict their future _2_.Most people seem inclined to _3_ this task using causal reasoning.First we _4_ recognize that future circumstances are _5_ caused or conditioned by present ones.We learn that getting an education will _6_ how much money we earn later and that swimming beyond the reef may bring an unhappy _7_ with a shark.

  Second,people also learn that such _8_ of cause and effect are probabilistic(可能的) in nature.That is,the effects occur more often when the causes occur than when the causes are _9_, but not always.Thus,students learn that studying hard _10_ good grades in most instances,but not every time.Science makes these concepts of causality and probability more _11_ and provides techniques for dealing _12_ then more accurately than does causal human inquiry.In looking at ordinary human inquiry,we need to _13_ between prediction and understanding.Often,even if we don't understand why,we are willing to act _14_ the basis of a demonstrated predictive ability.

  Whatever the primitive drives _15_ motivate human beings,satisfying them depends heavily on the ability to _16_ future circumstances.The attempt to predict is often played in a _17_ of knowledge and understanding.If you can understand why certain regular patterns _18_,you can predict better than if you simply observe those patterns.Thus,human inquiry aims _19_ answering both "what" and "why" question,and we pursue these _20_ by observing and figuring out.

  1. [A]exhibit [B]exaggerate [C]examine [D]exceed

  2. [A]contexts [B]circumstances [C]inspections [D]intuitions

  3.[A]underestimate [B]undermine [C]undertake [D]undergo

  4. [A]specially [B]particularly [C]always [D]generally

  5. [A]somehow [B]somebody [C]someone [D]something

  6. [A]enact [B]affect [C]reflect [D]inflect

  7. [A]meeting [B]occurrence [C]encounter [D]contact

  8. [A]patterns [B]designs [C]arrangements[D]pictures

  9. [A]disappointde [B]absent [C]inadequate [D]absolute

  10.[A]creates [B]produces [C]loses [D]protects

  11.[A]obscure [B]indistinct [C]explicit [D]explosive

  12.[A]for [B]at [C]in [D]with

  13.[A]distinguish [B]distinct [C]distort [D]distract

  14.[A]at [B]on [C]to [D]under

  15.[A]why [B]how [C]that [D]where

  16.[A]predict [B]produce [C]pretend [D]precede

  17.[A]content [B]contact [C]contest [D]context

  18.[A]happen [B]occur [C]occupy [D]incur

  19.[A]at [B]on [C]to [D]beyond

  20.[A]purposes [B]ambitions [C]drives [D]goals

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