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大学英语专业四级完形填空测试题(79)

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2011-12-12 18:17  作者:  来源:考试大  字号:T|T

  The United States is wellknown for its network of major highways designed to help a driver get from one place to another in the shortest possible time. ___1___ these wide modern roads are generally ___2___ and well maintained, with___3___ sharp curves and straight sections, a direct route is not always the most ___4___ one. Large highways often pass ___5___ scenic areas and interesting small towns. Furthermore, these highways generally ___6___ large urban centers, which means that they become crowded with ___7___ traffic during rush hours, ____ 8___ the “fast, direct” route becomes a very slow route.

  However, there is almost always another route to take ___9___ you are not in a hurry. Not far from the ___10___ new “superhighways”, there are often older,___11___ heavily traveled roads which go through the countryside. ___12___ of these are good twolane roads; others are uneven roads curving through the country. These secondary routes may go up steep slopes, along high ___13___ , or down frightening hillside to towns ___14___ in deep valleys. Through these less direct routes, longer and slower, they generally go to places ___15___ the air is clean and scenery is beautiful, and the driver may have a chance to get a fresh, clean view of the world.

  1. A. Although B. Since C. Because D. Therefore

  2. A. stable B. splendid C. smooth D. complicated

  3. A. little B. few C. much D. many

  4. A. terrible B. possible C. enjoyable D. profitable

  5. A. to B. into C. over D. by

  6. A. lead B. connect C. collectD. communicate

  7. A. large B. fast C. high D. heavy

  8. A. when B. for C. but D. that

  9. A. unless B. if C. as D. since

  10. A. relatively B. regularly C. respectively D. reasonably

  11. A. and B. less C. more D. or

  12. A. All B. Several C. Lots D. Some

  13. A. rocks B. cliffs C. roads D. paths

  14. A. lying B. laying C. laid D. lied

  15. A. there B. when C. which D. where

  参考答案及详解

  1. A) 此空四个选项都是从属连词,但是它们的属性是不同的,例如:although是表示转折关系的;since,because,therefore是表示原因关系的。通过阅读此空所在句得知大概句义为:“尽管这些宽阔的现代化公路通常很平坦且维护良好,转弯也很少,但是一直保持笔直的公路不总是令人赏心悦目”。根据语义线索和语法线索可知此空应填表示转折关系的选项A。

  2. C) 根据词汇线索和词义搭配可知,stable,splendid和complicated一般不能用来修饰roads。

  3. B) 根据语义线索可推断此空正确答案为选项B few。

  4. C) 根据上下文可推测出如果高速公路总是保持笔直,对于驾驶者来说是非常枯燥的,因此本空的正确答案为C enjoyable。

  5. D) 介词by能和动词pass搭配,意为“经过,掠过”。

  6. B) 本句中的联系副词Furthermore说明本句是对上一句的进一步补充和信息的增加,由此可推测本句句义为高速公路不仅经过风景区和乡村,通常还“将庞大的都市中心区连接起来”。故正确答案为B。

  7. D) “交通拥挤”用heavy 和traffic搭配。

  8. A) 通过分析可知,这里使用的是一个非限定性定语从句,四个选项中只有A when 具备此语法功能。

  9. B) 根据上下句关系可推断此句为条件句,故选项B为正确答案。 

  10. A) 根据主句中的“older ... roads”可推断此空需要填一个比较意义的副词,以构成对比关系,故选项A relatively“相应地,相对地”为正确答案。其他三词词义分别为:regularly“有规律地,定期地”;respectively“各自地”;reasonably“有理由地”。

  11. B) 根据此空前后词及结构可断定此空应使用比较级,故可排除A和D。另外根据上下文可推测此空应为less,因为“more heavily traveled”意为“车辆拥挤的”公路,与常识不符。

  12. D) 从下文的others可知此空正确答案为D some。

  13. B) 根据上文的slopes和下文的hillsides就可以断定这里需要一个表示路况不好的词,选项A rocks意义不符,故只有B cliffs “悬崖” 为正确答案。

  14. A) 根据题目和选项可断定此空应为towns的后置定语,由此可猜测句义为“位于深谷中的城镇”,“位于”lie是不及物动词,不能以过去分词的形式出现作名的后置修饰语,故正确答案为lie的现在分词形式lying。

  15. D) 定语从句修饰places用where来引导。

责任编辑:何佩琦)

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